|GRI 102: General Disclosures 2016|
|disclosure||description||Cross-Reference or Answer|
|102-1||Name of the organization||Covanta Holding Corporation|
|102-2||Activities, brands, products and services|
|102-3||Location of headquarters||445 South Street, Morristown, NJ 07960|
|102-4||Location of operations||
United States, Canada, Ireland, Italy and China
|102-5||Ownership and legal form||Covanta is wholly owned by Covanta Holding Corporation, which is listed and publicly traded on the New York Stock Exchange under the ticker symbol CVA.|
|102-7||Scale of the organization|
|102-8||Information on employees and other workers||
The vast majority (over 90%) of the organization’s activities, as measured by full-time equivalents, are performed by Covanta employees. We consider contractors that perform periodic work at our facilities, particularly for maintenance, to be outside of our regular activities. There are no significant variations in employment numbers.
|102-9||Supply chain||2018 10-K. pp. 9-12|
|102-10||Significant changes to the organization and its supply chain||2018 10-K, pp. 5-6|
|102-11||Precautionary Principle or approach||Community Relations / Our Approach|
Covanta does not currently subscribe to or endorse any externally developed sustainability charters or principles.
|102-13||Membership of associations||
These industry groups include the Energy Recovery Council, Business Council for Sustainable Energy, Environmental Research and Education Foundation, Biomass Power Association and the Ontario Waste Management Association. Covanta plays a leadership role or actively contributes to these engagements, with our executives serving on the boards or as association members.
We collaborate and interact with select organizations, including the Go Green Initiative and the Ocean Conservancy Trash Free Seas Alliance, to strengthen our policies, activities and performance. Through our Community Outreach and Environmental Justice Policy, we work to understand and resolve issues and concerns of our local community members.
|102-14||Statement from senior decision-maker||Our Blueprint for Sustainability / A Message from our CEO|
|Ethics and Integrity|
|102-16||Values, principles, standards, and norms of behavior||Our Blueprint for Sustainability|
|102-17||Mechanisms for advice and concerns about ethics||If any employee has questions about the application of the Policy of Business Conduct or concerns about potential instances of non-compliance, they are encouraged to bring their concerns forward to the attention of their supervisor or members of senior management. Employees can also:
1) Call Covanta’s third-party hotline, THE NETWORK, at 1-800-241-5689 or internationally, at +1 770-409-5006.
2) Write Covanta’s Board of Directors at:
Chair, Audit Committee of the Board of Directors
Information reported to The Network or Covanta’s Audit Committee will be handled on a confidential and anonymous basis, if desired, and referred to Covanta’s management for appropriate response. Covanta prohibits retaliation against an employee who has filed, in good faith, a complaint or expressed a concern under this policy or under any law, or for assisting in a complaint investigation.
|102-18||Governance structure||Governance Documents|
|102-40||List of stakeholder groups|
|102-41||Collective bargaining agreements||
As of December 31, 2018, approximately 8% of our employees are covered by collective bargaining agreements with various expiration dates through 2021.
|102-42||Identifying and selecting stakeholders|
|102-43||Approach to stakeholder engagement|
|102-44||Key topics and concerns raised|
|102-45||Entities included in the consolidated financial statements||2018 10-K, p. 5|
|102-46||Defining report content and topic boundaries|
|102-47||List of material topics|
|102-48||Restatements of information||Performance Tables / Operations Data
We have revised our Waste Processed performance data to reflect an update in our accounting procedures. Previously reported figures were inaccurate due to a calculation error.
|102-49||Changes in reporting||None.|
|102-50||Reporting period||January 1, 2017, through December 31, 2018|
|102-51||Date of most recent report||About This Report|
|102-53||Contact point for questions regarding the report||Contact|
|102-54||Claims of reporting in accordance with the GRI Standards||About This Report|
|102-55||GRI content index||About This Report|
|102-56||External assurance||We currently do not assure our sustainability report; we may consider seeking external assurance for specific indicators in the future.|
|Electric Utility Sector Supplement|
|G4-EU1||Installed capacity, broken down by primary energy source and by regulatory regime||2018 10-K, pp. 11-12|
|G4-EU2||Net energy output broken down by primary energy source and by regulatory regime||Performance Tables / Operations Data|
|G4-EU5||Allocation of CO2e emissions allowances or equivalent, broken down by carbon trading framework||Environmental Sustainability / Reducing Greenhouse Gases|
* Covanta’s 2018 Sustainability Report applies the 2016 version of the GRI Standards; “2016” refers to the Standards issue date, not the date of information presented in this report.
|GRI 103: Topics and Topic Boundaries 2016*|
|Material Topic||Management Approach Cross-Reference||Relevant External Entities|
|GRI 201: Economic Performance 2016||2018 10-K, p. 9||
|GRI 202: Market Presence 2016||Community / What We Do||
|GRI 203: Indirect Economic Impacts 2016||Community / What We Do||Communities|
|GRI 204: Procurement Practices 2016||Our Blueprint for Sustainability / Our Policies||
|GRI 301: Materials 2016||2018 10-K, pp. 12-13||
|GRI 305: Emissions 2016||
|GRI 413: Local Communities 2016||Community / Our Approach||
|GRI 416: Customer Health and Safety 2016||Community / Our Approach||
*Covanta’s 2018 Sustainability Report applies the 2016 version of the GRI Standards; “2016” refers to the Standards issue date, not the date of information presented in this report.
|GRI 200-400 Topic-Specific Disclosures 2016* and 2018*|
|GRI Topic||Disclosure||Disclosure Description||
Disclosure Cross-Reference, Explanation or Omission
|GRI 201: Economic Performance 2016||201-1||Direct economic value generated and distributed||
We report North America and totals, but not by specific country (e.g., Italy, Ireland, the United Kingdom).
|201-2||Financial implications and other risks and opportunities due to climate change|
|GRI 202: Market Presence 2016||202-2||Proportion of senior management hired from the local community||Covanta strives to hire senior management from the local community. Many of our facility managers have come up through the ranks at the facility, helping to ensure long-term ties to the community. With regard to recent hiring at facilities outside the United States, all of the senior management at the newly opened Durham York Energy Centre in Ontario, Canada, are from Canada. All staff, except for the facility manager, working at the Dublin Waste-to-Energy Project are local to the area and indeed 40% of all staff live within 6 miles of the facility. The facility manager was required to have 10 years of Waste-to-Energy experience by our operating license, experience not readily available in Ireland.|
|GRI 203: Indirect Economic Impacts 2016||203-1||Infrastructure investments and services supported||Community / What We Do|
|203-2||Significant indirect economic impacts||Community / What We Do|
|GRI 204: Procurement Practices 2016||204-1||Proportion of spending on local suppliers||
A portion of Covanta’s nationwide supply chain budget is also assigned to local suppliers. More information can be found in the Partners and Suppliers section of our website.
|GRI 205: Anti-corruption 2016**||205-2||Communication and training about anti-corruption policies and procedures||100%. All of our employees (management and non-management) are expected to read and comply with our Policy of Business Conduct. The policy covers topics such as financial reporting, corruption, copyrights, and environmental safety and health.|
|GRI 301: Materials 2016||301-1||Materials used by weight or volume|
|GRI 302: Energy 2016**||302-1||Energy consumption within the organization||Performance Tables / Operations Data|
|GRI 303: Water and Effluents 2018**||303-3||Water withdrawal|
|GRI 305: Emissions 2016||305-1||Direct (Scope 1) GHG emissions||Performance Tables / Environmental Data|
|305-2||Energy indirect (Scope 2) GHG emissions||Performance Tables/ Environmental Data|
|305-3||Other indirect (Scope 3)|
|305-4||GHG emissions intensity||Performance Tables / Environmental Data|
|305-5||Reduction of GHG emissions|
|305-7||NOx, SOx and other significant air emissions|
|GRI 306: Effluents and Waste 2016**||306-2||Waste by type and disposal method||Performance Tables / Environmental Data|
|GRI 307: Environmental Compliance 2016**||307-1||Non-compliance with environmental laws and regulations||Environment / Improving Our Environmental Performance|
|GRI 308: Supplier Environmental Assessment 2016**||308-1||New suppliers screened using environmental criteria||Nearly 100% of new suppliers were screened using environmental criteria in 2018.|
|GRI 401: Employment 2016**||401-1||New employee hires and employee turnover|
|401-2||Full-time benefits not provided to temporary / part-time employees|
|GRI 403: Occupational Health and Safety 2018**||403-1||Occupational health and safety management system||Safety and Health / Ensuring Safety in the Workplace|
|403-4||Worker participation, consultation and communication on occupational health and safety||At our operating facilities, formal joint management–worker health and safety committees are run by our hourly employees. In all cases, these teams provide feedback to, and collaborate with, facility and regional safety leads, as well as the Covanta safety management team.|
|GRI 404: Training and Education 2016**||404-1||Average hours of training per year per employee||Workforce Engagement / Investing in Training and Development|
|404-2||Programs for upgrading employee skills and transition assistance programs||Workforce Engagement / Investing in Training and Development|
|404-3||Percentage of employees receiving regular performance and career development reviews||Workforce Engagement / Investing in Training and Development|
|GRI 405: Diversity and Equal Opportunity 2016**||405-1||Diversity of governance bodies and employees|
|GRI 407: Freedom of Association and Collective Bargaining 2016**||407-1||Operations and suppliers in which the right to freedom of association and collective bargaining might be at risk||Covanta does not have operations in which employees’ rights to exercise freedom of association or collective bargaining are at risk.|
|GRI 411: Rights of Indigenous Peoples 2016**||411-1||Incidents of violations involving rights of indigenous peoples||None. The vast majority of Covanta’s facilities are not cited among indigenous regions. There are no known incidents of violations involving rights of indigenous peoples and actions taken.|
|GRI 413: Local Communities 2016||413-1||Operations with local community engagement, impact assessments, and development programs||Community / Our Approach|
|GRI 414: Supplier Social Assessment 2016**||414-1||New suppliers that were screened using social criteria||Nearly 100% of new suppliers were screened using social criteria in 2018.|
|GRI 415: Public Policy 2016**||415-1||Political contributions||
Covanta reports all political contributions as required by law. In addition, Covanta reports its annual political contributions to the Public Policy Committee of its Board of Directors and provides a summary report of its annual political contribution on its corporate investor relations website.
|GRI 416: Customer Health and Safety 2016||416-1||Assessment of the health and safety impacts of product and service categories||Our primary services are sustainable waste management and electrical generation at our energy-from-waste (EfW) plants. The emissions of EfW facilities are closely regulated through federal and state permit requirements and limits. All EfW facilities operate well below these limits, and we continue to improve our performance, as indicated in our section on environment performance within this report. Health impacts associated with emissions from EfW facilities have been studied extensively. For example, one major study from the UK Health Protection Agency concluded that the negative health impacts associated with well-regulated EfW facilities are likely to be very small, if even detectable. More information on these studies is provided in Environmental Sustainability / Minimizing Air Emissions.|
|GRI 418: Customer Privacy 2016**||418-1||Substantiated complaints concerning breaches of customer privacy and losses of customer data||None. There have been no complaints regarding breaches of customer privacy and losses of customer data.|
|GRI 419: Socioeconomic Compliance 2016**||419-1||Noncompliance with laws and regulations in the social and economic area||
The total amount of safety-related fines and penalties at our North American facilities were $39,000 and $110 in CY 2017 and CY 2018, respectively. No other fines, penalties or nonmonetary sanctions were received for the social and economic area in the period from 2017-2018.
* With the exception of GRI 303 and 403 that apply the 2018 version of the GRI Standards, Covanta’s 2019 Sustainability Report applies the 2016 version of the GRI Standards; “2016” refers to the Standards issue date, not the date of information presented in this report.
**We have reported additional disclosures not related to material topics.